Have you heard of atopic dermatitis? You probably have heard of it or know someone who has suffered from it because it is the most common skin disease in pediatrics and up to 20% of the general population suffers from it.
But what is really atopic dermatitis or atopic prone skin? It must be emphasized that atopic dermatitis, very frequent in children, is an inflammatory skin disease, chronic and that it causes outbreaks. It is not an allergy and its origin is multifactorial, depending on several factors that influence the triggering of this disease. According to Dr. Olane Guergue, assistant dermatologist at Galdakano University Hospital, "outbreaks are more frequent in spring and autumn, when there is less sun, one of the protective factors for this condition".
The main symptom of atopic dermatitis is itching or stinging in the affected areas, which often present eczema. It is essential to see a dermatologist to diagnose the disease and treat it from the beginning to, above all, improve the quality of life of those who suffer from it.
Bearing in mind that it is a condition that mainly affects children, Dr. Olane Guergue recommends following some guidelines from an early age, especially in matters of hygiene and hydration, which the child should learn and apply in his or her daily life. "The aim is to treat it from the beginning to avoid such chronic injuries".
What guidelines should we implement to improve atopic dermatitis?
Dr. Guergue insists that the treatment and follow-up of this skin disease must be done from the beginning so that the child learns the recommendations that will make him feel better. Atopic dermatitis causes dry skin and eczema, so it is important to start hygiene and hydration routines to avoid or reduce the appearance of outbreaks of eczema that will cause a lot of itching and additional treatment with steroids. How can we do this? The best thing is to do it as a game, in which parents play a fundamental role, "after the shower, we all put moisturizing cream together".
The bathing routine is important, however, the doctor recommends "daily, short, warm showers or baths". For these showers or baths, we can use specific products for atopic skin that provide hydration and restore the skin barrier. "BABÉ Laboratories' Pediatric Oil Soap is ideal for this, because it is a shower oil that has Omega 3, 6 and 9 fatty acids that are part of the fats that an atopic patient's skin lacks", says Guergue. After hygiene, "it is necessary to moisturize and for this it is better to do it also with a specific product, immediately after leaving the bath, when the skin is still wet because that is when the product is most absorbed". A good option is the BABÉ Laboratorios Paediatric Emollient Cream, which provides nutrition and hydration to dry skin or skin with an atopic tendency in babies and children. It also promotes the well-being of the skin barrier and helps reduce the risk of superinfection in outbreaks of atopic dermatitis. "It would be ideal to apply the cream about 3 times a day as much as possible, so that the skin is hydrated and even to have a specific cream for the body and another for the face" The pediatric Facial Balm can be a good option for this.
Currently there are associations of patients with atopic dermatitis in different cities and we also find the atopic schools that conduct sessions where the parents are with the children, along with the specialists, the pediatrician, the dermatologist, nurses, psychologists ... who offer talks on atopic dermatitis in children's age and teach with practice and didactic actions to children how to treat it. "This helps the children to see that there are other children who also have the disease, teaches them in a playful way how to apply the cream and other treatments and de-dramatizes the disease. As it is a habit that must be acquired forever and to be aware that the child will have outbreaks even if we are doing everything right, it helps us to channel a little stress and to know how to deal with the disease better to improve not only the quality of life of the children, but also of the parents", concludes Dr. Olane Guergue.